Question Will testosterone treatment of older men with low testosterone levels and mild anemia improve their anemia?
Findings Testosterone treatment of older men with low testosterone levels and unexplained anemia corrected the anemia more than placebo. This treatment also corrected anemia more than placebo in men who had anemia of known causes, such as iron deficiency.
Meaning Testosterone deficiency in older men results in decreased hemoglobin levels and sometimes in mild anemia. Correcting the testosterone deficiency is associated with increased hemoglobin levels and tends to correct the anemia, even in the presence of a coexisting cause of anemia.