Ischemic heart disease, valvular heart disease, systolic or diastolic dysfunction contributes to increase in cardiac load and weaning failure.
Extra demand on cardiac working load imposed by SBT may become apparent when transferring patient from positive to spontaneous ventilation.
Diuretic therapy may be considered for excessive preload.
Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation is beneficial for weaning-induced pulmonary edema.
Further cardiac evaluation is necessary if changes in natriuretic peptide levels are detected during SBT.