Saturday, September 10, 2016

TIMI and GRACE perform poorly in the evaluation of patients presenting with chest pain to the ER


The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) and the Global Registry in Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) scores were largely evaluated and validated in stratifying risk of cardiovascular events in patients with chest pain and acute coronary syndrome. Our objective was to compare these 2 scores in predicting outcome in emergency department (ED) patients with undifferentiated chest pain.

Materials and methods

This was a prospective cohort study including patients presenting to 4 EDs with chest pain with nondiagnostic or normal ECG. For all included patients (n = 3125), TIMI and GRACE scores were calculated. Follow-up was conducted at 30-day and 1-year post-ED index admission...


We reported 285 (9.1%) major adverse events at 30 days and 436 (13.9%) at 1 year. In patients with low TIMI (less than or equal to 2) and GRACE (less than 109) scores, a significant proportion had major adverse events at 30 days (5% and 7.5%, respectively) and 1 year (7.9% and 12.9%, respectively). Area under ROC curve at 30 days was 0.66 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.62-0.71) vs 0.57 (95% CI, 0.53-0.62), respectively, for TIMI and GRACE scores. At 1 year, the area under ROC was 0.67 (95% CI, 0.62-0.71) and 0.65 (95% CI, 0.60-0.70), respectively, for TIMI and GRACE scores.


The TIMI and GRACE scores are not valid in short- and long-term risk stratification in our chest pain patients.

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