Friday, January 12, 2018

Intravascular hemolysis before and after TAVR

Intravascular hemolysis (IVH) has been identified in patients with surgical prosthetic valves, but few have been reported after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We conducted a prospective analysis of 64 TAVI patients. The hemolysis profiles were collected at baseline and 6 months after TAVI. The echocardiography was performed at baseline and 6 months after TAVI. There are 14 patients (21.9%) with IVH before and 24(37.5%) after TAVI. The serum haptoglobin values before and 6 months after TAVI are 126.7 ± 75.1 vs 86.3 ± 57.1 mg/dl (p less than 0.001). More greater than or equal to moderate paravalvular leakage (PVL) (50% vs 7.5%, p less than 0.001), bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) (33.3% vs 5.0%, p = 0.004), use of 23 mm prosthesis (29.2% vs 7.5%, p = 0.03), higher residual valvular pressure gradient (17.9 ± 6.8 mm Hg vs 14.7 ± 5.7 mm Hg, p = 0.05), and lower effective orifice area index (1.05 ± 0.21 vs 1.21 ± 0.29, p = 0.03) were observed in patients with post-TAVI IVH. On multivariate regression analysis, BAV and greater than or equal to moderate PVL are independently related to post-TAVI IVH. With log-rank test, 1-year rates of readmission due to cardiovascular cause were significantly higher in patients with post-TAVI IVH (odds ratio 4.5; 95% confidence interval 1.3 to 15.6; p = 0.02), after adjusting age and gender. In conclusion, greater than or equal to moderate PVL and BAV are predictors of post-TAVI IVH, which is associated with increased cardiovascular readmission in 1-year follow-up.

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