Antiplatelet drugs can reduce the mortality rate in patients with sepsis.
Aspirin can effectively reduce mortality in patients with sepsis.
Antiplatelet drugs reduce mortality regardless of the timing of administration.
Abnormal platelet activation plays an important role in the development of sepsis. The effect of antiplatelet drugs on the outcome of patients with sepsis remains unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to determine the effect of antiplatelet drugs on the prognosis of patients with sepsis.
Materials and methods
PubMed, Cochrane Library, CBM, and Embase were searched for all related articles published from inception to April 2018. The primary end point was mortality. Adjusted data were used and statistically analysed.
Ten cohort studies were included. The total number of patients with sepsis was 689,897. Data showed that the use of antiplatelet drugs could effectively reduce the mortality of patients with sepsis (odds ratio (OR) = 0.82, 95% CI: 0.81–0.83, p less than 0.05). Seven studies used aspirin for antiplatelet therapy, and subgroup analysis showed that aspirin effectively reduced ICU or hospital mortality in patients with sepsis (OR = 0.60, 95% CI: 0.53–0.68, p less than 0.05). A subgroup analysis on the timing of anti-platelet drug administration showed that antiplatelet drugs can reduce mortality when administered either before (OR = 0.78, 95% CI: 0.77–0.80) or after sepsis (OR = 0.59, 95% CI: 0.52–0.67).
Antiplatelet drugs, particularly aspirin, could be used to effectively reduce mortality in patients with sepsis.
Antithrombotic therapy for sepsis is not a new concept. The coagulation system is activated and accounts for some of the injury in sepsis. Activated protein C was found beneficial in selected septic patients and was approved as an adjunct in the treatment of sepsis with organ dysfunction in 2001. The company withdrew the product from the market in 2011.