Thursday, June 04, 2015

Pneumocystis jiroveci in HIV negative patients

We retrospectively analyzed all cases of documented pneumocystosis in HIV-negative patients admitted in our institution, a referral center in the area, from January 1990 to June 2010, and extracted data on their underlying condition(s)...

The main underlying conditions were hematological malignancies (32.5%), solid tumors (18.2%), inflammatory diseases (14.9%), solid organ transplant (12.3%), and vasculitis (9.7%). Estimated incidence rates could be ranked in 3 categories: 1) high risk (incidence rates greater than 45 cases per 100,000 patient-year): polyarteritis nodosa, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, polymyositis/dermatopolymyositis, acute leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma; 2) intermediate risk (25-45 cases per 100,000 patient-year): Waldenström macroglobulinemia, multiple myeloma, and central nervous system cancer; and 3) low risk (less than 25 cases per 100,000 patient-year): other solid tumors, inflammatory diseases, and Hodgkin lymphoma.

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