Wednesday, November 11, 2009

When patients admitted with COPD exacerbation die in the hospital

---it's more often due to co-morbid conditions than from the COPD itself:

Forty-three patients with a hospital admission diagnosis of COPD exacerbation underwent autopsy; all had died within 24 h of admission to the hospital. Twenty-three patients (54%) had a long COPD history (greater than 10 years), and 19 patients (44%) had more than one hospitalization in the last year of life. The median age at death was 70 years (interquartile range, 65 to 75 years), and male sex was predominant (n = 31; 72%). The main (primary) causes of death were reported as cardiac failure (n = 16; 37.2%), pneumonia (n = 12; 27.9%), and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) (n = 9; 20.9%). Respiratory failure due to a progression of COPD was the primary cause of death in six patients (14%). Most patients had more then one comorbid disease (n = 33; 77%), and the most frequent comorbid disease was chronic heart failure (n = 25; 58%).

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